Archive for Books

Eleven from 2011, Non-Fiction Edition

I recently posted my eleven favorite fiction books from 2011; here are their non-fiction counterparts.

(You’ll notice I’m reading a lot more books that are adjacent to, though not directly in service of, my research. I’m at the coding-and-data stage of my dissertation, so I end up with all my reading energy channeled into my free time!)

1. Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life, Annette Lareau [buy]
Lareau describes two approaches to child-rearing: an ethos of “natural development” among the working and middle classes, and one of “concerted cultivation” among upper-middle-class parents. I can’t stop seeing these two rhetorics in tension with each other in educational research, especially around technology. This book changed my life more than anything else I’ve read this year. Bonus fun: new tools to analyze one’s own childhood experiences!

2. Wifework, Susan Maushart [buy]
Why do husbands benefit so much more from marriage than wives? Maushart argues that wifework – the constellation of practical, emotional, and sexual services women provide to their spouses – is draining to provide and revitalizing to receive. Now that women have control of their reproductive lives and can support themselves financially, men need to learn to be better wives. Often depressing, always persuasive, wonderfully written, and thoroughly recommended.

3. Miss Manners’ Guide to Excruciatingly Correct Behavior, Judith Martin [buy]
Some of you may be wondering why I’ve suddenly started sending charmingly penned thank-you notes and hosting dinner parties. The secret? I’m hoping to impress Judith Martin with my graciousness and charm. Since that’s unlikely, I’ll settle for  living up to the smart, sane recommendations in her etiquette book. She’s witty enough that I read the whole thing cover to cover – all nine hundred plus pages of it.

4. Absence of Mind, Marilynne Robinson [buy]
Four essays, linked by the themes of consciousness, reflection, and the aesthetic qualities of lived experience. I admit I skimmed the essay on Freud, but the other three challenged my ideas about how to do research and what research even is. I’ll be mining this book when I eventually write my manifesto about the aesthetics of play.

5. The Invisible Heart, Nancy Folbre [buy]
Folbre identifies a major hidden assumption in economic theory: that all work is alike. She points out how caring work, such as nursing or teaching, functions differently from other kinds of labor, and why it’s problematic to treat them the same way. She also argues that assigning caring work exclusively to women compounds these problems, and injures men and women alike.

6. Why Don’t Students Like School, Daniel Willingham [buy]
When I’m asked for an accessible book about the psychology of learning, this is what I recommend. Willingham covers nine core cognitive principles of learning, ones that have been proven both in the lab and in the field. He even shows how students, teachers, and parents can apply these principles in practice. Useful, readable, and accurate.

7. Reshaping the Work-Family Debate: Why Men and Class Matter, Joan C. Williams [buy]
Working-class families face different problems than upper-middle-class families do. Seems obvious, right? But Williams uses data to argue that the vast majority of American families need a different approach to work-life balance than an elite minority do, and that feminism must work for both types of balance in a way that serves men and women alike. Persuasive and very, very important.

8. Honeybee Democracy, Thomas D. Seeley [buy]
This book appears to be about bees. Why do bees swarm when they do? How do they communicate about swarming? How do they choose a new site for their hive? However, the book is also a beautiful look at how researchers ask questions, design experiments, and figure out answers. Any budding scientist should read this.

9. Delusions of Gender, Cordelia Fine [buy]
The best takedown of “neurosexism” – the notion that men and women have different brains – that I’ve ever seen. Fine demonstrates that the research purporting to “prove” cognitive differences mostly doesn’t show what it claims to, and she’s quite good about pointing out the few places where the evidence really is strong. My favorite section? Her demonstration of why it’s nearly impossible to raise your kids without strong cultural messages about gender, which blows a lot of casual talk about the “naturalness” of gendered behavior out of the water.

10. Open Minded Torah: Of Irony, Fundamentalism and Love, William Kolbrener [buy]
Lovely, thoughtful, witty essays on Judaic topics – from specific Torah stories to the landmarks of the Jewish year. Two things tie the book together. First, Kolbrener’s style: he moves smoothly back and forth between traditional Jewish sources, literary analysis, and memoir. Second, his commitment to allowing his Jewish and intellectual lives to reflect on and illuminate each other. Warning: if you aren’t relatively familiar with Jewish concepts, this may be a hard read, but he does a reasonable job of signposting and it’s worth the trouble.

11. Switch, Chip Heath & Dan Heath [buy]
How can you change your behavior? The Heath brothers bring together vivid stories and research on behavior change into a single model: the elephant, the rider, and the path. Learn to engage your subconscious elephant, your rational-minded rider, and design a path that’s easy to walk down! It may sound like self-help pap, but it’s actually rigorous, thoughtful, well-written, and highly accessible. Bonus: these techniques really work.

Bonus, Academic Text Edition: The Sociological Imagination, C. Wright Mills [buy]
When he wrote this book, Mills was not a happy man about the state of sociology as a discipline. The first half of the book eviscerates most people working in the field at the time; the second half proposes a larger vision for what sociology is and can become. The epilogue is an inspiring and highly practical description of how to do effective interdisciplinary research that addresses real problems. I loved it all!

Happy reading!

Notes on Reading

Welcome, friends, to another year of my reading life!

Every year at about this time, I take a minute to reflect on what I read, and whether writing about it continues to serve my personal goals. I started this project because I read so much, and I have such intimate experiences with the books I enjoy. I wanted to capture some of the intellectual and emotional excitement I feel when I read something wonderful. Plus, writing about the duds is really fun!

In the past year, I’ve found myself reading a lot more non-fiction – and for much of it, the boundary of whether it’s “work reading” or “pleasure reading” isn’t really clear. Part of this is the impact of e-reading; I’m much more willing to read non-fiction in my free time, particularly non-fiction in or near my field, when I know I can easily highlight and retrieve important passages. Another part, though, is realizing just how much of what I’m ostensibly reading for “fun” actually loops back into the bigger picture of what I’m thinking about professionally.

What this means is that I may be writing about some of the non-fiction I read outside the context of these book posts, either as reviews or as I work out specific ideas. I won’t be writing about those books a second time in my reading list posts; I’ll list them, and point to the other post I’ve made.

The other big change of 2011 is that I seem to have a group of readers who come for the reading list posts – not for the talk about games, creativity, feminism, or anything else. So if you’re reading along with me, welcome! I hope you enjoy your reading life in 2012 as much as I plan to!

Eleven from 2011, Fiction Edition

My friends Danielle and Kaitlin suggested I do a best-of list from 2011. Without further ado, here’s my favorite fiction of the past year!

Okay, okay, a little bit of ado. I just want to point out that I re-read some really wonderful things this past year, including Vanity Fair and The Three Musketeers, which are among my favorite books of all time. For this list, though, I’m only including books I read this year for the first time.

1. Sacred Games, Vikram Chandra [buy]
Notable gangster Ganesh Gaitonde is cornered by the police – and found dead of a gunshot wound with an unknown woman beside him. Discovering why leads the reader into a huge, ambitious, and totally compelling multi-layered story. If you read just one book off this list, make it this one.

2. Wolf Hall, Hilary Mantel [buy]
Meet Thomas Cromwell, right-hand-man to cardinals and kings. Even if you don’t like historical novels, Mantel’s masterful balance between the personal and the political will keep you guessing how Cromwell’s story will turn out.

3. Stone’s Fall, Iain Pears [buy]
When arms dealer and financier John Stone falls out a window, the investigator hired to find out what happened uncovers a huge historical mystery. Starts slow, but gets harder and harder to put down.

4. The Leftovers, Tom Perotta [buy]
Three years after Rapture-like mass disappearances, the survivors are walking wounded, and Perotta lets you watch as they succeed (or fail!) at putting their lives back together. This novel takes a fantastic premise and makes it ring emotionally true. By far his best work.

5. The Engineer Trilogy, K. J. Parker [1, 2, 3]
A no-magic fantasy that deals with themes of economic imperialism, consequentialism, and love. Plus, the characters aren’t your usual bunch of fantasy meatheads; they’re smart, skilled, and deeply flawed. The female characters don’t get much agency, but the fact that I loved this series anyhow should tell you just how good it is. Parker, please write me some amazing ladies next time!

6. Big Machine, Victor Lavalle [buy]
A down-on-his-luck former addict is recruited to join a band of paranormal investigators looking for evidence of God’s existence. Murakami meets Denis Johnson, except that you’ll actually be able to follow the (very entertaining) plot.

7. The Silent Land, Graham Joyce [buy]
A young married couple finds themselves isolated at a ski resort after a flash avalanche. As their situation becomes stranger, they turn both to and away from each other. A sad, haunting love story that doesn’t sentimentalize the relationship at its core.

8. The Lecturer’s Tale, James Hynes [buy]
An adjunct professor of English gains the power to force others to do his bidding with a touch of his right index finger. Chaos in the academy ensues! It’s got the inevitable build of a great horror story, but spends plenty of time exploring scholarly ideas through biting satire.

9. The Devotion of Suspect X, Keigo Higashino [buy]
A young single mother accidentally kills her ex-husband – and her next-door neighbor decides to protect her from the consequences. Will his plan succeed, or will the police track her down and find out the truth?

10. Headhunters, Jo Nesbo [buy]
A high-level corporate recruiter uses his position to run elaborate scams. When he encounters a client doing the same, he ends up on the run and trying to survive. Tightly plotted and tricky, it’ll be an entirely different experience the second time around!

11. The Malazan Book of the Fallen, Steven Erikson [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
A huge, sprawling, ambitious, messy fantasy epic, following dozens of characters across a multi-continent war and building on thousands of years of history. While it’s sometimes hard to follow, any book that has dinosaurs fighting zombies – and manages to make it dramatic rather than ridiculous – gets my vote.

Bonus, Graphic Novel Edition: Finder, Carla Speed McNeil [1, 2]
The art is gorgeous, the characters are realistic, the far-future world is compelling and genuinely strange. Buy the collected Library editions linked above for extensive commentary on the creative choices McNeil made. Highly recommended.

Happy reading, and let me know if any of these delight you!

Reading List 2011 (11/276)

The last of the 2011 reading!

  • The Head of the House of Coombe, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Robin, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Marriage Shock: The Transformation of Women into Wives, Dalma Heyn
  • Wifework, Susan Maushart
  • A Lady of Quality, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • The Duke of Osborne, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • In Connection with the De Willoughby Claim, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Vicious Little Darlings, Katherine Easer
  • The Information Diet, Clay Johnson
  • The Mammoth Book of the Best of the Best New Horror, ed. Stephen Jones
  • The Shuttle, Frances Hodgson Burnett

tl;dr – Burnett continues to entertain; Maushart says brilliant things about marriage and Heyn says uneven ones; Jones collects some excellent stories, but errs toward fame; Johnson provides a thoughtful take on media consumption, and connects it directly to action.

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Reading List 2011 (10/265)

Almost there!

  • The Three Musketeers, Alexandre Dumas
  • Twenty Years After, Alexandre Dumas
  • The Vicomte de Bragelonne, Alexandre Dumas
  • Ten Years Later, Alexandre Dumas
  • Louise de la Valliere, Alexandre Dumas
  • The Man in the Iron Mask, Alexandre Dumas
  • Ark, Charles McCarry
  • The Complete Ghost Stories of M. R. James, M. R. James
  • The Tree of Hands, Ruth Rendell
  • A Kiss Before Dying, Ira Levin

tl;dr – Dumas remains a phenomenal storyteller; James, Levin and Rendell are masters of careful, inevitable construction; McCarry goes way out of his comfort zone with reasonable success.

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Reading List 2011 (9/255)

Getting there, slowly but surely!

  • What We Eat When We Eat Alone, Deborah Madison
  • She Nailed a Stake Through His Head: Tales of Biblical Terror, ed. Gerri Leen
  • Mildred Pierce, James M. Cain
  • Mr. Chartwell, Rebecca Hunt
  • The White People, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Dawn of a To-Morrow, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Emily Fox-Seton, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Esmeralda, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • A Fair Barbarian, Frances Hodgson Burnett

tl;dr – Mildred Pierce is my favorite Cain, and it should be yours too; Hunt’s novel will haunt you; Burnett grows up; Leen collects some great stories and a few duds; Madison does second-rate things with a first-rate topic.

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Reading List 2011 (9/246)

Relatively recent reading! What a delight!

  • Darwin’s Radio, Greg Bear
  • Devices and Desires, K. J. Parker
  • Evil for Evil, K. J. Parker
  • The Escapement, K. J. Parker
  • House Lust, Daniel McGinn
  • For Better: How the Surprising Science of Happy Couples Can Help Your Marriage, Tara Parker-Pope
  • 11/22/63, Stephen King
  • Hothouse Kids: How the Pressure to Succeed Threatens Childhood, Alissa Quart
  • Evelina, Or the History of a Young Lady’s Entrance into the World, Fanny Burney

tl;dr – Parker does no-magic, very smart fantasy; King and time travel are a great fit; Hothouse Kids delivers good insights; the title character of Evelina may strike you as sickly-sweet, but the story stands the test of time.

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Reading List 2011 (11/237)

Getting close to done – with the year and the reading list!

  • Heart-Shaped Box, Joe Hill
  • The Postman Always Rings Twice, James M. Cain
  • Double Indemnity, James M. Cain
  • Against a Dark Background, Iain M. Banks
  • The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Vol. 1, M. T. Anderson
  • The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Vol. 2, M. T. Anderson
  • The Killer Inside Me, Jim Thompson
  • The Grifters, Jim Thompson
  • The Sibling Effect, Jeffrey Kluger
  • The Crossroads of Time, Andre Norton
  • Quest Crosstime, Andre Norton

tl;dr – Anderson produces some genuinely astonishing work; Cain, Thompson and Hill duke it out for the dark-corners-of-the-soul award; read Kluger as a memoir, not for the science writing.

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Reading List 2011 (12/226)

Getting closer to the end of the list!

  • Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood, Christian Smith, Kari Christofferson, Hilary Davidson & Patricia Snell Herzog
  • Think, Lisa Bloom
  • A Day in the Life of a Smiling Woman, Margaret Drabble
  • Indigara, Tanith Lee
  • The Affair, Lee Child
  • The Wandering Falcon, Jamil Ahmad
  • The Secret Garden, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • A Little Princess, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Little Lord Fauntleroy, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • The Lost Prince, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  • Finder Library Vol. 1, Carla Speed McNeil
  • Finder Library Vol. 2, Carla Speed McNeil

tl;dr – Think is full of great advice for young women, Burnett’s books are charming (classics and obscurer titles alike), and Finder will blow your mind. Borrow Lost in Transition – you don’t need to read the whole thing.

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Reading List 2011 (13/214)

Have some of my favorites!

  • Whose Body?, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Clouds of Witness, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Unnatural Death, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • The Unpleasantness at the Bellona Club, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Strong Poison, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Five Red Herrings, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Have His Carcase, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Murder Must Advertise, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • The Nine Tailors, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Gaudy Night, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Busman’s Honeymoon, Dorothy L. Sayers
  • Thrones, Dominations, Dorothy L. Sayers & Jill Paton Walsh
  • Lord Peter, Dorothy L. Sayers

tl;dr – Great mysteries in a variety of sub-genres, unified by a masterful handling of character and plot. Also, I wish my brain worked more like Peter Wimsey’s.

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